Layers of IoT Architecture: What They Are, Why You Need Them?

Written By
Ravi K Nair
Technical Content Strategist
Last updated at May 30, 2022
Layers of IoT Architecture: What They Are, Why You Need Them?

IoT is all about building intelligent systems that are connected and communicate with each other. IoT architecture’s concept has also been growing in popularity as a new way to make these systems. 


However, IoT architecture is a very complex topic, and there are many layers to it. Hence, This article will discuss the layers in IoT architecture, what they are, why you need them, and how to use them.


What is IoT Architecture?


Internet of Things (IoT) includes a vast number of intelligent devices attached to a comprehensive internet network with the help of varied networking technologies. The majority of these technologies are wireless.


It makes the IoT structure more complicated to manage. Hence, the architecture is needed. It may appear easy, but the Internet of Things relies on many interconnected moving parts to function correctly.


All of these different parts in the machine must function together if the IoT implementation works correctly. However, because IoT comprises a wide range of technologies, there is no single typical reference architecture. 


It means that there isn't a single, easy-to-follow blueprint that can employ for all possible implementations. The Internet of Things might differ wildly depending on how it is implemented; it must be open with open protocols to allow diverse network applications to support.


A nicely-refined system of IoT devices predicts the ability to build automated systems. They can help operate giant mechanisms hassle-free.


Explanation of 4 Stages of IoT Architecture -  


The Internet of Things architecture requires a network that can support it. The four prior stages listed below are critical to the overall feasibility of an IoT installation.


1. Sensors and Actuators Devices:


Without connected or smart devices, an Internet of Things implementation would not be possible. These devices are wireless sensors or actuators. They respond to their surroundings and create the information they gather available for examination.


Actuators go a step beyond since they can substantially interact with the environment. For instance, they can turn off valves when water reaches a given level or simply turn out a light when the sun rises.


2. Internet Gateways:


Once the sensors transmit the data, it needs to aggregate and transform into a digital format so that it can process. The second phase of the IoT system is what makes this happen. It effectively gets the data prepared for processing.


The data acquisition system is responsible for actual accumulating and transforming the data. It's what links to the sensors and actuators, collects all of their information, and then converts it into digital form so that the internet gateway can route it over the network.


3. Edge IT Solutions:


The third level of an IoT architecture involves data pre-processing and advanced analytics. Edge IT systems are liable for bringing out these works. 


Since IoT systems gather a notable quantity of data and thus require a lot of bandwidth, these edge IT solutions can function this vital task to decrease the core IT infrastructure burden.


Edge IT systems use machine learning and visualization technologies to obtain results from the acquired data. Machine learning algorithms offer insights, while visualization technology shows the data understandably.


4. Cloud and Data Centers:


Data storage is a crucial element in an IoT design because it allows a more in-depth data analysis. It assists with follow-up correction for feedback as well. So cloud storage is the best storage technique in IoT implementations.


Since you don't need to do in-depth processing and do not necessitate fast input in the cloud or physical data centers, it has more qualified IT systems that can handle, examine and securely store the data. You can even connect sensor data with other data origins for more thorough insights.


The 5 Layers of Internet of Things (IoT) Architecture - 


A five-layer architecture is an ideal option when working on a project with various cutting-edge technologies and a large application area. The 5 Layer model has two more levels than the basic IoT model, so that it can regard as an extension of the basic structure. These are the five layers of the Internet of Things:


1. Perception Layer:


It is the first layer of the IoT structure. Multiple sensors and actuators are employed in the perception layer to assemble valuable information like temperature, vapor content, intruder detection, sounds, etc.


The principal purpose of this layer is to gather data from the environment. Then, it passes data to another layer so actions can take according to the data.


2. Network Layer:


As the name implies, it is the connecting layer between perception and the middleware layer. It brings data from the perception layer and departs it to the middleware layer via networking technologies like 3G, 4G, WiFI, UTMS, infrared, etc. 


It is also named the communication layer because it is responsible for transmission between the perception and the middleware layer. This layer transfers all the confidential data securely.


3. Middleware Layer:


The middleware layer offers additional skills such as storage, calculation, processing, and action-taking powers. It saves all data and sends it to the relevant devices based on their address and name. It can also make decisions based on computations performed on sensor data sets.


4. Application Layer:


This layer organizes all application techniques based on information fetched from the middleware layer. The application layer includes sending emails, triggering alarms, safety systems, turning on or off a tool, smartwatch, smart farming, etc.


5. Business Layer:


Every gadget's success can be defined by its technologies and how they are delivered to users. The device's business layer handles these responsibilities. It includes creating flowcharts, graphs, analyzing outcomes, determining how to improve devices, etc.

How can you Use IoT Architecture in your Business Software?


You can maximize the return on your custom business software by implementing an IoT architecture. Such a system enables you to considerably more precise data collecting. Data drive efficiency.  


The higher your data's quality, the more valuable insights it could provide you. IoT can help you in automation since you can create multiple custom software solutions and automate the complex procedures of your business to collect real-time data. 


For instance, you can use a temperature monitoring app for a medicine repository. It will use sensors in various warehouse parts to catch if temperature and moisture levels are within the proper range. Smart IoT applications can monitor this and send you an alarm if anything goes wrong.


Wapping Up - 


The IoT market is growing at a rapid speed nowadays. Most people continuously use IoT devices to share large amounts of confidential data. 


You can also employ IoT solutions in your business to decrease spending hours automate regular operations, and enhance supply chains. Feel free to contact us if you have other queries about this fantastic technology.


Do you like our Articles?

Copyright © 2022 Noetic IT Service Pvt.Ltd